Asur Adivasi

 

 

Baiga Adivasi

 

 

Banjara Adivasi

 

 

Bathudi Adivasi

 

 

Bedia Adivasi

 

 

Bhumij Adivasi

 

 

Binjhia Adivasi

 

 

Birhor Adivasi

 

 

Birjia Adivasi

 

 

Chikbaraik Adivasi

 

 

Chero Adivasi

 

 

Gond Adivasi

 

 

Gorait Adivasi

 

 

Ho Adivasi

 

 

Karmali Adivasi

 

 

Kawar Adivasi

 

 

Kharia Adivasi

 

 

Kharwar Adivasi

 

 

Khond Adivasi

 

 

Kisan Adivasi

 

 

Kol Adivasi

 

 

Kora Adivasi

 

 

Korwa Adivasi

 

 

Lohara Adivasi

 

 

Mahali Adivasi

 

 

Mal-Paharia Adivasi

 

 

Munda Adivasi

 

 

Oraon Adivasi

 

 

Parhaiya Adivasi

 

 

Santal Adivasi

 

 

Sauria-Paharia

 

 

Savar Adivasi

                                       

 

 

 

  

Adivasi (a Hindi word that literally means the original inhabitants) is a term for a heterogeneous set of ethnic and tribal groups believed to be the aboriginal population of India. Adivasi societies are present in India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan and other South Asian nations. 

Adivasi is officially recognized by the Indian government as "Scheduled Tribes" in the Fifth Schedule of the Constitution of India, which is eligible for certain affirmative action measures.   

The Constitution of India, Article 366 (25) defines Scheduled Tribes as "such tribes or tribal communities or part of or groups within such tribes or tribal communities as are deemed under Article 342 to the scheduled Tribes (STs) for the purposes of this Constitution".

 

 

 

In Article 342, the procedure to be followed for specification of a scheduled tribe is prescribed. However, it does not contain the criterion for the specification of any community as scheduled tribe. An often used criterion is based on attributes such as:-   

Geographical isolation - They live in cloistered, exclusive, remote and inhospitable areas such as hills and forests,  

Economic Backwardness - Their livelihood is based on primitive agriculture, a low-value closed economy with a low level of technology which leads to their poverty. They have low levels of literacy and health.  

Distinctive culture, language and religion - Communities have developed their own distinctive culture, language and religion. Shyness of contact – they have a marginal degree of contact with other cultures and people. 

 

 

To learn about different types of Jharkhandi Adivasi, Go to link at side.

 

 

 

 

 Adivasi | Tribal India

 

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